AskDefine | Define peal

Dictionary Definition

peal n : a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells) [syn: pealing, roll, rolling]

Verb

1 ring recurrently; "bells were pealing"
2 sound loudly and sonorously; "the bells rang" [syn: ring]

User Contributed Dictionary

see peel

English

Etymology

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A loud sound, or a succession of loud sounds, as of bells, thunder, cannon, shouts, laughter, of a multitude, etc.
    • 1883: Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      And, falling on a bench, he laughed until the tears ran down his cheeks, I could not help joining; and we laughed together, peal after peal...

Verb

  1. To sound with a peal or peals.
    • 1864: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Christmas Bells
      Then pealed the bells more loud and deep...
    • 1939: Bing Crosby, In My Merry Oldsmobile
      To the church we'll swiftly steal, then our wedding bells will peal,
      You can go as far you like with me, in my merry Oldsmobile.
    • 2006: New York Times
      The bell pealed 20 times, clanging into the dusk as Mr. Bush’s motorcade drove off.

Estonian

Etymology

From the noun pea

Preposition

peal

Extensive Definition

A peal is a term used to describe a performance of change ringing, usually on tower or hand bells. Frequently the term refers to performances which comply with a set of decisions published by the Central Council of Church Bell Ringers.
Originally a peal referred to a set sequence of changes of any length. This meaning is still in use today in Call Change Ringing. The most famous and frequently rung call change peal, associated with the Devon Association of ringers, is named 60 on 3rds.

Raising and lowering in peal

Raising in peal refers to the process where a band of ringers increase the swing of a set of tower bells from rest to a full circle ringing position while keeping them ringing in the same order. The opposite process is lowering in peal, where the swing of the bells is gradually checked until they are at rest, again keeping the bells ringing in order throughout.

The peal as an extent

Following the discovery of Grandsire Doubles, the term peal or “full peal” was applied to the ringing of sequences including each permutation of the set of bells exactly once. On five bells (Doubles), there are 120 permutations taking about four minutes to ring on tower bells. These figures rapidly increase as more bells are added.
The term extent is now preferred to peal in this context, excepting performances on seven bells where the terms peal and extent are synonymous.
The extent on eight bells comprises 40,320 changes, and would be referred to today as a long length peal. Despite this, it has been successfully rung as a continuous performance both on tower and on hand bells, 17 hours in duration on tower bells.

Modern peal standards

Method Ringing peals today usually consist of between 5000-5280 changes, or permutations. On seven or more bells they must be rung without repetition of any of the changes. Most peals are composed and rung in compliance with the decisions of the Central Council of Church Bell Ringers, allowing them to be recorded in that organisation’s peal records. Many peals are also recorded on peal boards attached to the walls of the ringing rooms in the towers where they took place, and in the peal books of local change-ringing associations.
Peals can take anywhere from one and a half to over four hours to ring, depending on the weight of the bells, and whether handbells or tower bells are being rung. They are considered to be both a physical and a mental challenge, in that concentration has to be maintained for a long period of time, and each individual ringer has to ring their bell without a break.
Composition of peals is a specialist and highly complicated area of change ringing, as it involves having to constantly ensure throughout the process that no changes are repeated, while aiming to achieve the correct length.
Another area of peal ringing is that of long length peals. These involve ringing for far longer than an ordinary peal, up to 17 hours. The difficulties of ringing ordinary peals are magnified in these performances, as are the difficulties of composing them. One challenge to ringers is to ring 'the extent', which on eight bells is 40320 changes. The last time this was rung on tower bells, it took 17 hours.
In addition to ordinary peals, ringers often ring quarter-peals, which are a quarter of the length of a full peal, making them far easier to ring. Most quarter-peals take around 45 minutes to complete.

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Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

awake the dead, bay, beep, bell, blare, blast, blast the ear, blat, blow, blow the horn, bong, boom, booming, bray, bugle, cannonade, carillon, change ringing, chime, chiming, chink, clamor, clang, clanging, clangor, clank, clanking, clap, clarion, clink, crash, crescendo, deafen, din, ding, ding-a-ling, dingdong, dinging, dingle, dong, donging, fanfare, fill the air, flourish of trumpets, gong, growl, grumble, honk, jangle, jingle, jingle-jangle, jinglejangle, jingling, knell, knelling, peal ringing, pealing, pipe, rattle the windows, rend the air, rend the ears, resonate, resound, reverberate, reverberation, ring, ring changes, ringing, rise, roar, rock the sky, roll, rumble, shriek, sound, sound a knell, sound a tattoo, sound taps, split the eardrums, split the ears, squeal, startle the echoes, stun, surge, swell, tantara, tantarara, taps, tarantara, tattoo, thunder, ting, ting-a-ling, tingle, tingling, tink, tinkle, tinkling, tinnitus, tintinnabulate, toll, tolling, toot, tootle, trumpet, trumpet blast, trumpet call, tweedle, whistle, wind
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